The surf/bodyboard priority rules
Even if surfing is a free sport, there are some rules on who has priority in the water to avoid accidents and respect each surfer's wave.
It goes without saying that the most important rule is to behave in a way that is respectful and courteous.
Rule no. 1
Do not surf in the swimming zone between the flags.
Rule no. 2
The surfer in green closest to the peak (the breaking part of the wave) has priority over the surfer in red for as long as the wave lasts.
Rule no. 3
In a wave that is breaking outwards towards the left and the right. Both surfers have priority. Communicate with the other surfers as you take off on a wave (shout out the direction that you are taking).
Rule no. 4
In a wave that is breaking inwards from the left and the right. Neither surfer has priority, leave the wave as soon as possible to avoid a collision.
Rule no. 5
Once you've finished surfing your wave, make your way back by avoiding the other waves, being careful not to get in the way of surfers still standing upright. When the wave ""lines"" are long, always head for the point where the wave is at its highest point (where there are no surfers in action), to avoid the risk of a collision and, consequently, an accident. "
Rule no. 6
If you fall off in the ""impact zone"" (the point where waves break), don't try to head straight back to the ""peak"". Wait first for the series to go by and stay in the white water, holding your board and then make your way to the ""peak"" avoiding the waves as previously explained."
Should you ignore a priority rule by mistake, leave the wave as soon as possible.
You will often see these priority rules displayed on the signs at the entrance to the beach or at the surfing schools.